CAN Daily meeting.
A political discussion/forum is needed to gear up pre-2020 financing. Bunkers may have a useful outcome. Mitigation, a new text in KP which summary of existing positions. Possible article on Poland – How appropriate is having COP19 in Warsaw? AAUs still being discussed.
Note: Faizal Parish from GEC attended the CAN Daily Meeting & opened an invitation to meet with the new GEF chief.
Side events attended:
a. Advancing Human Rights in the Climate Framework: Where are we now and where are we going?; organised by CIEL, University of Lapland.
Presentations by representatives from
i) Kiribati: Passionate call to recognise that Kiribati contributes minimal CO2 emissions, but is most vulnerable to Climate Change.
ii) Tuvalu: Land + People = Life; breaking this link will result in death; Forced migration, relocation & displacement creates Climate Change Refugees, not a term Tuvaluans accept. Culture cannot survive and identity will be lost.
iii) Kenya: Complex interaction between men, women & the forest. REDD+ and Rights possible risks: Conversion of natural forests to plantations, low biodiversity, loss of ecological knowledge and traditional and rural livelihoods, social exclusion – corruption & governance, discounting multiple functions of the forest. Safeguards and Human Rights – full & effective participation.
iv) Gujarat, India: Gujarat is state with 3rd largest number of CDM projects. Politicians mix business concerns which lead to Human Rights violations. Claims that CDM has infringed on rights of citizens in India, projects considered as ‘Holy Cows’ -
> Gujarat Flourochemicals Limited – CDM has doubled the company profit, leading to investment to build a new teflon factory.
> Solar Park – tree cutting, animal husbandry cost increase
> Wind Power – loss of grazing and agricultural land
Recommendation for Mandatory EIA & social based audit.
v) University of Lapland:
> 2004 – UNHCHR received petition on Human Rights & Climate Change
> 2009 – Human Rights impacts related to Climate Change
> 2010 – Cancun, recognition of Climate Change impacts on Human Rights
> 2011 – The UNFCCC must play a role to promote Human Rights; The Durban Platform
Yellow tag delegates have a limited voice in the UNFCCC process. CBO participation in other UN/Multilateral negotiations; loss & damage programme.
Comment from a member of audience: Alaska, weather has become unpredictable and the environment has become unpredictable, to the point that knowledgeable sea captains with handed down knowledge have died on the ice.
b. Transition to Low Carbon Economics in the ERBD countries of operation; organised by European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (ERBD).
> Main-streaming Climate Finance throughout the Bank. Increase Bank’s participation in SEI (Sustainable Energy Investment) through use of banking, technical & policy expertise. Financing has mainly gone to Central Europe and the Baltic States, Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, Russia, Turkey.
> Project in Republic of Kazakhstan: 16.7 million population, average temp in north (-19C) and south (-15C). Barriers for development & modernization of district heating & efficient heat supply – lack of legislative rules, lack of sources of investment & financial mechanisms, insufficient consumer awareness for district heating energy efficiency. USD 50 million (USD30 m from EBRD) Project to be completed in 2015.
> Project in Ukraine: RE solutions under Ukraine Sustainable Energy Lending Facility. Energy intensity is 3x higher than EU, heavily reliant on imported energy. EU 100 million (EBRD 50m; CTF 20m; project sponsor 30m) – implementation 2009-2013, signed to date EU 30m, CO2 savings of 40,400 tCO2e. Coordination between government & project developers. Strategic environmental review – wind, mini-hydro & solar; public meeting & capacity building. Ukraine Sustainable Energy Lending Facility (USELF). Wind farm using Feed-in-Tariff.
>GEF cooperation with EBRD, work quickly on speed of business, replicate and copycat successful tools, experiment with risk management tools.
c. Adaptation Fund at a critical juncture: Achievements and challenges with dwindling resources; organised by Global Environmental Fund.
News: UNFCCC Secretariat has purchased 6,000 tonnes of CERs in Oct with Adaptation Fund. An agreement has been signed with UN Foundation for online donations to the Adaptation Fund in Nov.
25 projects approved for Adaptation – local stakeholders participation is utmost important
> Sven Harmeling (Germanwatch) – Adaptation Fund NGO network. More than 45 subscribed members and 8 partners: Senegal, Benin, South Africa, Jamaica, Kenya, Cambodia, Tanzania, Honduras; 7 case studies – Senegal, Benin, South Africa, Pakistan, Nicaragua, Jamaica & Honduras. 4 are highlighted:
i) Emmanuel Seck (Senegal): Adaptation to coastal erosion in vulnerable areas
iii) Bettina Koelle (South Africa): National Implementation Entity – South Afican National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI), consultative process, partnership, investments should be coordinated & programmatic, CBOs to access funds directly, national & sub-national enabling framework.
iv) Krystel Dossou (Benin): OFEDI concept note in January 2012, now ready to submit full project on adaptation of eco-system and socio-economic in a lagoon. Protection of the lagoon shores, rehabilitation of the infrastructure; Fight against pollution; Fight seasonal floods; Main-stream Climate Change adaptation strategies in the legal text regulating fishery; sensitization and training of the local communities.
Update submitted by Mr ANTHONY TAN